Measles

Measles is a respiratory disease caused by a virus. The disease of measles and the virus that causes it share the same name. The disease is also called rubeola. Measles virus normally grows in the cells that line the back of the throat and lungs.

Healthcare Providers are reminded to report suspected cases of measles.

  1. Signs & Symptoms
  2. Transmission
  3. Complications
  4. Incidence & History

The symptoms of measles generally begin about 7-14 days after a person is infected, and include:Measles Infection After 3 Days

  • Blotchy rash
  • Cough
  • Feeling run down, achy (malaise)
  • Fever
  • Red, watery eyes (conjunctivitis)
  • Runny nose
  • Tiny white spots with bluish-white centers found inside the mouth (Koplik's spots)

A typical case of measles begins with mild to moderate fever, cough, runny nose, red eyes, and sore throat. Two or three days after symptoms begin, tiny white spots (Koplik's spots) may appear inside the mouth.

Rash

Three to five days after the start of symptoms, a red or reddish-brown rash appears. The rash usually begins on a person's face at the hairline and spreads downward to the neck, trunk, arms, legs, and feet. When the rash appears, a person's fever may spike to more than 104 degrees Fahrenheit.

After a few days, the fever subsides and the rash fades.

See photos of Measles from the CDC for additional images.